New ICTA-UAB map shows success, concerns and challenges of the transition away from fossil fuels and coal industry in Australia

Resistance against massive coal-mining in Australia and a growing movement for a ‘just transition’ from fossil fuels have enjoyed some success but face massive challenges, as shown in a new map developed by researchers from the international ACKnowl-EJ project of the Institute of Environmental Science and Technology of the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (ICTA-UAB)  and the Australian Environmental Justice (AEJ) research team at the Centre for Urban Research (RMIT University.

ICTA-UAB researcher Victoria Reyes-García receives an ERC Consolidator Grant

ICREA researcher at ICTA-UAB Victoria Reyes- García has been graced with a Consolidator Grant of the European Research Council (ERC) for the development of a project aimed at bringing insights from local knowledge to climate change research.

Research to study the health effects of forests

The ICTA-UAB, CREAF and the "la Caixa" Bank Foundation recently presented the project "Healthy Forests for a Healthy Society".

Blockadia map by ICTA-UAB reveals global scale of anti-fossil fuel movement

A new interactive map by researchers of the Institute of Environmental Science and Technology of the Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona (ICTA-UAB) reveals the worldwide impact of resistance direct actions by people putting their own bodies in the way of fossil fuel projects.

The ICTA-UAB participated in the 100xCiencia.2 meeting in Alicante

The encounter, which was focused on the transfer of knowledge and technology, brought together representatives of 40 centres and research units “Severo Ochoa” and “María de Maeztu”, respectively.

Launch of the Alliance of Severo Ochoa Centres and Maria de Maeztu Units of Excellence

​ The Secretary of State for R&D+i, Carmen Vela, chaired the kickoff meeting of the new Severo Ochoa and Maria Maeztu Alliance of Excellence.

Green gentrification can limit the favourable effects of green areas on health

A scientific research conducted by ICTA-UAB and IMIM suggests that more socially disadvantaged neighbours do not benefit equally from the effects newly created green areas have on health.

Oil contamination in the Amazon modifies chemical composition of rivers

A scientific study by the ICTA-UAB and ISS-EUR quantifies the environmental impact of oil extraction activities and contamination in headwaters of the Amazon.

ICTA-UAB researchers alert that oil palm plantations produce infertility in tropical lands

Oil palm plantations are replacing 40% of tropical forests and 32% of basic grain crops, according to an ICTA-UAB research conducted in Guatemala.

UAB scientists and citizens can identify Barcelona's allergy-causing plants with the new Plant*tes app

The UAB Point of Information on Aerobiology (PIA) presented its new Plant*tes app in Barcelona as part of the BArcelona City Council's project entitled "Ciència Ciutadana als barris".

EJAtlas Includes 2,100 Case Studies on Socio-Environmental Conflicts Around the World

The Environmental Justice Atlas (EJAtlas), created by researchers of the Institute of Environmental Science and Technology of the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (ICTA-UAB), currently includes 2,100 cases of ecological distribution conflicts identified in different parts of the world.

Unrestricted Improvements in Fishing Technology Threaten the Future of Seafood

A study conducted by ICTA-UAB researcher Eric Galbraith shows that future improvement of fishing technology poses a threat for the global fishery that could be greater than climate change.

Ice age thermostat prevented extreme climate cooling

During the ice ages, an unidentified regulatory mechanism prevented atmospheric CO2 concentrations from falling below a level that could have led to runaway cooling, reports a study conducted by researchers of the ICTA-UAB and published online in Nature Geoscience this week.

The New Theory of Economic “Agrowth” Contributes to the Viability of Climate Policies

 ICTA-UAB researcher Jeroen van den Bergh publishes in Nature Climate Change a study in which he proposes a new economic theory compatible with the fight against climate change.

European Project to Analyse the Effects of Waste Generated by Tourism on Mediterranean Islands

An European study involving the Institute of Environmental Science and Technology of the Universitat Autònoma e Barcelona will address and propose solutions to the effects of the increase of waste generated by tourism on Mediterranean islands during the summer season.

New ICTA-UAB 'Welcome Guide'

The new ICTA-UAB 'Welcome Guide' it is at your disposal now. With this document, we aim to help you discover the basics of the PhD programme, ICTA-UAB’s structure, etc.
News
More than One-Third of the Population Would Stop Economic Growth to Achieve Sustainability

Date: 2016-11-07

. A study by researchers of the Institut of Environmental Science and Technology (ICTA-UAB) assesses Spanish public opinion on economic growth, the environment and prosperity.

. Eighty percent of respondents consider that growth is necessary to create jobs, and 40 percent believe that “a good life without economic growth is possible”.


More than one-third of the Spanish population (37%) prefers ignoring or stopping economic growth to achieve environmental sustainability. This is the conclusion of a study by researchers of the Institute of Environmental Science and Technology from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (ICTA-UAB) who recently assessed public opinion on economic growth, the environment and prosperity through asurvey conducted with one thousandSpanish citizens. The study, authored by Stefan Drews and Jeroen van den Bergh, was published in the journal Global Environmental Change. According to Stefan Drews, who undertook the research in the context of his PhD thesis, “For decades, there has been academic and public debate on whether economic growth is compatible with environmental goals and whether it is a good proxy of progress. Although this has also received considerable attention in mass media and public forums, there is fairly little systematic knowledge about what the general public thinks about these questions. This served as the motivation for starting this research.”

One particularly interesting survey question investigated public views on what kind of growth-environment strategy public policy should pursue. The results show that the majority of respondents (59%) favor continuing with growth, as it can be combined with environmental sustainability (often called green growth). More than one-third of the Spanish population (37%) prefers ignoring or stopping economic growth to achieve environmental sustainability. Of this percentage, some 21% supported ignoring growth as a policy aim (agrowth), while 16% supported stopping it altogether (degrowth). Only 4% expressed a clear desire for unconditional growth (growth-at-all-costs).

Overall, the questionnaire included some 40 questions about various aspects of the economic growth debate. For example, the most widespread pro-growth belief (with 80% agreement) is that growth is necessary to create jobs. At the same time, about 40% of the population believes that “a good life without economic growth is possible”.

Another controversial issue of the debate is whether endless economic growth is possible or not. When asked about when they think economic growth in rich industrialized countries may come to end, the study participants gave answers ranging from very pessimistic to very optimistic. A considerable number of people (44%) believed that economic growth may stop within the next 25 years. At the other extreme, almost 30% of respondents believe it may be never-ending. Socioeconomic reasons (e.g. inequality) were somewhat more important than environmental ones (e.g. energy scarcity) to justify beliefs in an end of growth. Strong confidence in technology and human ingenuity were the main reasons indicated by those believing in never-ending growth.

The survey also included questions about socio-demographic and psychological characteristics. For example, the results show that people with conservative values (e.g. attaching much value to “tradition” and “security”) hold especially strong pro-growth views. In addition, people who were more religious and politically right-of-center had more positive views about economic growth.

“The general value of this study is that it provides a comprehensive and nuanced picture of public opinion on the relationships between economic growth, the environment and prosperity”, says Stefan Drews. The results suggest that there is not just polarization of views among academics, but also within the general public. Political decision-makers can learn from the study that the societal goal of economic growth is questioned by many people on both social and environmental grounds.

Reference:
Drews S., Van Den Bergh J.C.J.M. “Public views on economic growth, the environment and prosperity: Results of a questionnaire survey.” Global Environmental Change. 2016, vol. 39, p. 1-14 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.04.001

 

ICTA's Activities