La contaminació petroliera de l'Amazones està modificant la composició química de l'aigua

Un estudi científic de l'ICTA-UAB i l'ISS-EUR quantifica l'impacte ambiental dels abocaments procedents de l'extracció petroliera en rius de les capçaleres de l'Amazones.

Experts mundials en decreixement i justícia ambiental es donen cita a la UAB

L’ICTA-UAB organitza del 25 de juny al 7 de juliol la IVª Escola d’Estiu sobre Decreixement i Justícia Ambiental.

Investigadors de l'ICTA-UAB alerten que les plantacions de palmera d'oli provoquen la infertilitat dels sòls tropicals

Les plantacions de palmera d'oli africana estan substituint en un 40% els boscos tropicals i en un 32% les pastures naturals i de cultiu de gra bàsic, segons un estudi realitzat per investigadors de l'ICTA-UAB a Guatemala.

L’ICTA-UAB estudiarà l’ús sostenible de la terra i els recursos naturals en el marc del projecte COUPLED

L'Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals de la Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (ICTA-UAB) rebrà una dotació econòmica de mig milió d'euros en el marc del projecte COUPLED, una xarxa de formació innovadora europea finançada pel programa Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions de la Unió Europea.

Científics del ICTA-UAB i ciutadans identificaran les plantes al·lergògenes de Barcelona amb la nova app Plant*tes

El Punt d'Informació Aerobiològica (PIA) de la UAB presentà la seva nova app Plant*tes a Barcelona en el marc del projecte "Ciència Ciutadana als barris" de l'Ajuntament de Barcelona.

L’EJAtlas arriba als 2.100 casos d'estudi de conflictes socioambientals al món

L'Atles de Justícia Ambiental (EJAtlas), creat per investigadors de l'Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals de la Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (ICTA-UAB), compta en l'actualitat amb 2.100 casos de conflictes ecològic-distributius identificats en diferents indrets del món.

ERC Advanced Grant per EVOCLIM. Oferta de places de recerca per a 3 senior i 4 junior

El professor Jeroen van den Bergh de l’ICTA-UAB ha rebut una prestigiosa Advanced Grant del Consell Europeu de Recerca (European Research Council -ERC) per desenvolupar el projecte "Anàlisi evolutiva-conductual de la política climàtica: racionalitat limitada.

Les millores sense restriccions en tecnologia pesquera amenacen el futur del peix i el marisc salvatge

Un estudi de l'investigador de l'ICTA-UAB Eric Galbraith mostra que la millora futura de la tecnologia pesquera representa una amenaça per a la pesca global que podria ser major que el canvi climàtic.

Són els Pirineus una barrera real per al transport atmosfèric de pol·len?

Els resultats de l’estudi dut a terme per Jordina Belmonte i Concepción de Linares, investigadores expertes en botànica de la UAB, constaten que el pol·len de bedoll, una de les espècies principals de plantes que causen al·lèrgia a Europa Central i del Nord.

Un termòstat a l’edat de gel va evitar el refredament extrem del clima

Durant les edats de gel, un mecanisme regulador no identificat va evitar que les concentracions atmosfèriques de CO2 caiguessin per sota d'un nivell que podria haver donat lloc a un refredament ràpid.

La nova teoria del "a-creixement" econòmic contribueix a la viabilitat de les polítiques climàtiques

 L'investigador de l'ICTA-UAB, Jeroen van den Bergh publica aquest mes a Nature Climate Change un estudi que proposa una nova teoria econòmica compatible amb la lluita contra el canvi climàtic.

Un mapa situa la lluita de les dones que resisteixen a l’extractivisme i defensen la vida i el territori a Amèrica Llatina

Un mapa creat per investigadors de l'Intitut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals de la Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (ICTA-UAB), la Xarxa Llatinoamericana de Dones Defensores de Drets Socials i Ambientals.

Es preveuen alts nivells de pol·len per a aquesta primavera

Investigadors de l’ICTA-UAB han presentat les previsions dels nivells de pol·len i espores per a la primavera.

Un projecte europeu analitza els efectes dels residus generats pel turisme a les illes de la Mediterrània

Un estudi europeu en què participa l'Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals de la Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (ICTA-UAB) analitzarà i proposarà solucions als efectes de l'increment dels residus generats pel turisme durant el període estiuenc a les illes de la Mediterrània .

L’ICTA-UAB tornarà Bojos per la Natura a 27 estudiants de batxillerat

Un total de 27 estudiants de batxillerat participen a la tercera edició del programa Bojos per la Natura que ofereix l’Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals de la Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (ICTA-UAB) amb la voluntat de promoure el talent científic entre els joves potenciant el coneixement del medi natural i posant-los en contacte amb els principals investigadors en la matèria.

Caldria incrementar el verd urbà de Barcelona perquè tingui efectes positius rellevants sobre la qualitat de vida de les persones

La tesi doctoral de Francesc Baró de l’ICTA-UAB quantifica i cartografia els beneficis que ens aporta el verd urbà i periurbà de Barcelona, com la millora de la qualitat de l’aire.

Nova 'Guia de benvinguda' a l'ICTA-UAB

Ja teniu a la vostra disposició la nova 'Guia de Benvinguda' de l'ICTA-UAB. El document pretén ajudar a descobrir els fonaments del programa de doctorat, l'estructura de ICTA-UAB, etc.

Relacions socials, èxit a la caça i bona salut, font de felicitat per a les comunitats indígenes

Les persones de les comunitats rurals i indígenes dels països del Sud releguen els ingressos econòmics a una posició secundària com a font de satisfacció.

Més d'un terç de la població espanyola aturaria el creixement econòmic per aconseguir la sostenibilitat ambiental

Un estudi elaborat per científics de l’Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals (ICTA-UAB) analitza l'opinió pública espanyola sobre el creixement econòmic, el medi ambient i la prosperitat.

Denuncien la manca d'estudis sobre els efectes perjudicials dels vessaments petroliers en la salut de les persones

Un projecte impulsat per l'ICTA-UAB, ISGlobal, i la Facultat de Veterinària de la UAB a la selva amazònica del Perú analitza els efectes dels vessaments petroliers en la salut de les persones que viuen a prop de les zones de extracció en països en vies de desenvolupament.

Les ciutats més verdes es tornen més injustes?

Un projecte de l'ICTA-UAB liderat per Isabelle Anguelovski i finançat per la Unió Europea analitzarà el procés de "gentrificació verda" pel qual la construcció de parcs i zones verdes a les ciutats tendeix a atreure a les classes socials més altes i exclou els col·lectius més vulnerables.

L'ICTA-UAB avaluarà, en col·laboració amb la Unió Europea, l'eficàcia de les seves polítiques de sostenibilitat

El projecte europeu MAGIC (H2020) coordinat per l'Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals de la Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (ICTA-UAB) estudiarà i desenvoluparà noves estratègies per un millor ús de la ciència en els processos de governança.

L’ICTA-UAB rep l’acreditació a l’excel·lència “María de Maeztu”

L´Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals (ICTA-UAB) va rebre ahir al Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (MINECO) el guardó que l’acredita com a “Unidad de Excelencia María de Maeztu 2015”.
Notícies
Candidates invited for 3 postdoc and 5 PhD student positions in ERC project of Prof. Jeroen van den Bergh

Data: 2017-09-13

Prof. Jeroen van den Bergh’s project “Behavioral-evolutionary analysis of climate policy: Bounded rationality, markets and social interactions” (EVOCLIM), awarded with a prestigious ERC Advanced Grant, offers three postdoc positions (two of 5 years and one of 3 years) and five PhD research positions (each 4 years). The project will run as of January 2018 for a period of 5 years.
 

Project description
The project will develop a new set of models to assess the performance of policy instruments – such as various carbon pricing and information provision instruments – in terms of employment, equity and CO2 emissions. Currently, distinct climate policies are studied with incomparable approaches involving inconsistent criteria and impacts. EVOCLIM aims to unite core features of such approaches within a behavioral-evolutionary framework, blending insights from behavioral, environmental and evolutionary economics. The key novelty is linking climate policies to populations of heterogeneous consumers and producers characterized by bounded rationality and social interactions. This offers three advantages: one can evaluate the effectiveness of very different climate policy instruments in a consistent and comparative way; one can examine policy mixes by considering interaction between instruments from a behavioral as well as systemic perspective; and one can simultaneously assess policy impacts mediated by markets and social networks. 

EVOCLIM will be guided by the following goals: (i) test the robustness of insights on carbon pricing from benchmark approaches that assume representative, rational agents; (ii) test contested views on joint employment-climate effects of shifting taxes from labor to carbon; (iii) examine various instruments of information provision under distinct assumptions about social preferences, interactions and networks; (iv) study regulation of commercial advertising as a climate policy option in the context of status-seeking and high-carbon consumption; and (v) explore behavioral roots of energy/carbon rebound. The research has a general, conceptual-theoretical rather than a particular country focus. Given the complexity of the developed models, it involves numerical analyses with parameter values in realistic ranges, partly supported by insights from questionnaire-based surveys among consumers and firms. One survey examines information provision instruments and social interaction channels, while another assesses behavioral foundations of rebound.

Broader scientific meaning of the project
EVOCLIM is ground-breaking in that it develops the first systematic program on behavioral-evolutionary thinking about climate policy. This creates bridges between environmental economics, behavioral economics, evolutionary economics and modelling, policy sciences, sociology and environmental psychology. It will support a consistent comparison of the full range of regulatory (both pricing and standard-setting) and information-provisioning instruments in climate policy. The project can further provide useful methodological lessons for other areas of public policy from an evolutionary systems angle. In addition, it may broaden the scope of evolutionary economics which so far has paid scant attention to environmental and climate policies. In particular, it contributes to a wave of macro-oriented evolutionary, multi-agent models, which serve as an alternative to both general equilibrium and mainstream macroeconomic models in public policy and economic analyses. The approach will further contribute to the field of energy/sustainability transition studies.

Positions and requirements
The organization of EVOCLIM in terms of sub-projects (SPs) is shown in the scheme below. The project will fund three postdoc positions (two of 5 years in SP1 and SP5, and one of 3 years in SP4) and four PhD researchers (each 4 years, in SP2 and SP3). Cooperation and synergies between the sub-projects will be secured by the two integrative sub-projects SP1 and SP5. The first of these develops the framework and basic models, and can be seen to assure consistency and synergy of SPs at a methodological level. Next, SP5 guides the survey questionnaires and integrates the policy insights produced by the other SPs, on the basis of which it further develops and analyses policy packages. 

Details about the five sub-projects
Specific research questions, addressing general issues, tangible instruments of climate policy, and policy packages, are addressed in 5 sub-projects (SPs) (visualized in the scheme):

1. The first, overarching, integrative sub-project addresses the question: How can we best model the relationship between climate policies, markets, social interactions, innovation-and-diffusion processes, bounded rationality, and heterogeneous agents? This SP aims to develop the general framework, learn from non-environmental macro-evolutionary models, traditional market equilibrium models, climate impact assessment studies and sustainability transition models. It undertakes general, theoretical analyses with these models to understand their structure and behavior, and supports particular elaborations and policy analyses in the other SPs. SP1 is executed by a postdoc researcher who interacts with the other SPs to assure a framework that balances their needs and requests.

2. The second SP examines how carbon pricing, considered by many as a core component of climate policy, functions under conditions of bounded rationality of polluters. Two main questions are addressed in two sub-projects: (2a) What are the differences in performance of carbon pricing under various types of bounded rationality of consumers and firms? This will address carbon taxes and emissions trading, to examine which is more effective under certain types of bounded rationality. The second question is: (2b) what are the innovation, employment and climate impacts of shifting taxes from labor to carbon under bounded rationality? This has been addressed with rational-agent equilibrium models in the “double dividend” literature. SP2b will assess the robustness of its findings with respect to behavioral assumptions by adapting the multi-agent models of SP1 to these questions. In particular, SP2 will assess the extent to which rational-agent studies overestimate the effectiveness and efficiency of carbon pricing. SP2a&b are tackled by 2 closely cooperating PhD students.

3. The third SP examines how information provision strategies in climate policy – like eco-labels, green awards, information campaigns, traditional media, and Internet-based social media – perform in a system characterized by bounded rationality, market processes and social interactions. Two sub-projects address two main questions associated with particular social interactions: (3a) How do different information policies compare in terms of employing imitation behavior, social norms and information diffusion to effectively spread climate-relevant information and exemplary conducts? This involves testing various features of information policies, such as appropriate framing of information provision or using “role models”. The second question is: (3b) How does the interaction of commercial advertising and social comparison driven by status-seeking drive the consumption of certain carbon-intensive goods and services, like cars and holidays, and what does this mean for policy design aimed at influencing such consumption? This involves an analysis of information provision instruments interacting with both carbon pricing and advertising. Modelling in SP3a&b is undertaken by 2 PhD students. They will jointly perform a questionnaire survey to examine how opinions on climate policy, climate relevant behaviors, and social interactions are connected.

4. The fourth SP addresses the behavioral foundations of energy/carbon rebound. It is motivated by the research question: How does bounded rationality of individuals/households and firms contribute to rebound, and how does this affect the estimates of different types of rebound as well as the formulation of “rebound policy”? This involves examining the role of different types of bounded rationality, such as myopia, habits, wrong goals, and connecting these to important rebound channels, like intensity effect, market effects, technological diffusion, etc. The project integrates these elements into a behavioral-evolutionary model to address this issue, which is intended to provide better insight into the relative performance of climate policy instruments on effectiveness, in terms of controlling carbon rebound. In addition, a questionnaire survey is performed to obtain empirical information about behavioral factors underlying rebound. This research is executed by a postdoc researcher.

5. The final SP synthesizes SP2-4 and provides an interface with other disciplines offering insights on climate policy, aimed at answering the question: Which policy packages combine equity, employment and climate goals under bounded rationality and are successful in escaping carbon lock-in? While SPs 2-4 address the performance of single instruments and the comparison of these, here combinations of instruments will be systematically studied, based on close interaction with the other SPs. Instrument complementarity and interaction is an incompletely solved issue in climate policy studies, and has not been systematically addressed in the context of bounded rationality and other-regarding preferences. Given its ambition and integrative character, SP5 is executed by a postdoc researcher.

How to apply
We are looking for suitable candidates with a background in behavioral economics, evolutionary economics, environmental economics, macroeconomics or some combination of these. Candidates from (social) psychology, (evolutionary or mathematical) biology, mathematics and computer science are also welcome to apply. Skills and experience in evolutionary modelling/computation or evolutionary game theory are highly appreciated for the postdoc and PhD student positions in SP1-4. Candidates for the postdoc position in SP5 need to have a good knowledge of climate economics/policy and experience with questionnaire-based surveys. Postdoc candidates should have at least two publications in good international journals. Salaries are competitive and negotiable, reflecting experience and excellence of candidates.

For expression of interest send your Curriculum Vitae, a letter of interest and names of three referents to Prof. van den Bergh via jeroen.bergh@uab.es.

 

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