Ecological economics, Ethno-ecology and Integrated assessment (EEI) seminar
Title: "What Types of Environmental Conflicts Emerge from the Impact of Land Use Changes on Cultural Agroecosystem Services– A Literature Review".
Speaker: Ksenija Hanaček, PhD candidate at ICTA-UAB
Moderator: Beatriz Rodríguez Labajos
Date: Wednesday, 25th January 2017
Time: 12.30 - 14.00 h
Place: Z/023 ICTA-UAB
Agroecosystems are the result of the complex interaction between ecosystems and societies. They provide cultural ecosystem services (CES), such as traditional knowledge and education, recreation or tourism, as well as traditional land use and seed exchange. Most communities have developed their identity and cultural characteristics over time by devising and applying a strategy to cope with a given environment, and manage its resources.
Today however, agroecosystems undergo land use and management changes (LULMC), such as intensive agriculture, urbanisation, and land abandonment. They represent one of the major causes of global environmental change and ecosystem service degradation. Along with these trends, environmental conflicts emerge between stakeholders with different interests in land areas. Since environment and culture are closely connected, changes in agricultural lands are noticeably affecting cultural systems. CES in agroecosystems remain largely unknown and invisible in planning and management. There is a need for better understanding of the way in which societies use and shape agroecosystems and relate it to cultural, spiritual and religious belief systems.
With this in mind, this paper offers a systematic review of CES that agroecosystems provide and analyses the interrelation between LULMC, CES and conflicts. From the results obtained we show which LUMC type has impacts on specific CES categories, and causes and outcomes of, and responses to environmental conflicts that emerge from that.
Agroecosystems, Cultural ecosystem services, Land use-management changes, Environmental conflicts
Ksenija Hanaček obtained MSc degree in Agroecological Engineering and Environmental Protection from the University of Zagreb in 2012 and Ecological Economics from the Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB) in 2015. Currently, she is a PhD candidate at the Institute of Environmental Science and Technology (ICTA-UAB) and a team member of the scientific project STACCATO. Her current research focuses on cultural agroecosystem services, land use and land management changes, and environmental conflicts.