Title: Categorizing Paris Agreement pledges into four tiers of transparency and efficacy
Lecturer: Lewis Karl King
Date: Tuesday, 14th March 2017
Time: 13.30- 14-30h
Venue: Room Z/022 ICTA-UAB
The Paris Agreement relies on a system of voluntary pledges from individual countries to meet its goals. However, initial studies suggest current pledges are far from sufficient to meet the agreement’s objective and require significant strengthening in future revisions. We examine differences in ambition and design among NDCs, and categorise them into four tiers of effectiveness. The imbalance between goals and pledges turns out to be partly explained by a lack of consistency and transparency among the commitments. The challenge of stabilizing the climate is magnified by potential systemic effects that undercut policy effectiveness, notably carbon leakage, energy rebound and the green paradox. These findings suggest adopting a more consistent and transparent approach within the Paris Agreement will help limit these effects alongside increasing ambition.