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Seminar: “From hydrological catchments to atmospheric basins” series. “Part IV: Can we define the ‘socio-ecological basins’ concept?” by JosepAnton Morguí

Date: 2019-03-19

“From hydrological catchments to atmospheric basins” series. 
“Part IV: Can we define the ‘socio-ecological basins’ concept?”

Speaker: JosepAnton Morguí, ICTA-UAB

Date: Tuesday, March 19th 2019
Time: 12.30h
Venue: Z/022 - Z/023

This talk is an open debate about some examples of the distribution of power, of energy fluxes and of matter aggregation (i.e. cities, corporations, infrastructures, among others) under the vision of both the Anthropocene and the Climate Change. It try to push forward some basin concepts introduced in previous works.

This session (“Can we define the ‘socio-ecological basins’ concept?”) is the 4rt part of the “From hydrological catchments to atmospheric basins” series. 

Previously, the 3rd part of the series was devoted to how the high resolution in Earth Observations Space programs can include or integrate the effect of management over the variability of small patches in landscapes like the agro-ecosystems and Natural Parks. This part opened the debate about connectivity measurements and diversity ones and their role in ecological theory. The summary was very close to the discussion about the Anthropocene high resolution studies by the Earth Observation System, surveys of environmental variables, a kind of connectivity-related sustainability and some research infrastructures approaches were be addressed in “Part III: Patch diversity and Connectivity” and focused on how Physics meet Natural Parks. The lecture took place in the “Ecocafès” talks at the Evolutive Biology, Ecology and Environmental Sciences (BEECA) Department in the UB on Wednesday 13Th March 2019. There was no video recording.

The 2ond part of the “From the hydrological catchments to the atmospheric basins” series (Part II: Infrastructures, Science Societies, Big Data, Citizen Science?”, told at CEAB-CSIC, 28th February 2019) tried to approach how the research from the "land surface / atmosphere interactions" concept is being both integrated and scaled towards the results obtained by Earth Observation Systems (EOS). Research at the LAO-Lab provided examples for the discussion both about the concepts underlying EOS research and about its integration into either hydrological or atmospheric dynamics. This talk also raised questions about the role of research based on a bunch of Science Communities. What role should they play? What would these communities mean in the Anthropocene? (i.e. ESFRIs, LTER, Open Data, etc.). A video of the talk is available at CEAB-CSIC. 

The first talk “Part I: A conceptual rupture?”  was lectured on 27th February 2019 at the CREAFtalks. Maybe you can watch the video at the CREAFTalks page.
This first part introduced a discussion about why Earth observation from space is seeking for the highest resolution, no matter it matches or not the scale of “case studies” studied over the landscape structure, with questions about euclidean or lagrangian visions, about transect-based measures for geo-locating point-sources or point-based measures for locating diffuse-source areas, about seasonal and daily variability studied in extensive ecosystems and agro-systems and about temporal variability and spatial complexity studied in cities and mountains, among others.


JosepAnton Morguí Castelló is a senior scientist at the Institute of Environmental Sciences and Technologies of the Autonomous University of Barcelona (ICTA-UAB) and associate professor at the Department of BEECA (Evolutionary Biology, Ecology and Environmental Sciences) of the University of Barcelona.

Since 1983 his work topics have been related to flows through interfaces in aquatic systems and between ecosystems, with reference to the biogeochemical cycle of carbon and nutrients, such as phosphate and nitrogen compounds, together with a strong interest in the physical and chemical structure of ecosystems subject to high variability in the redox potential and the pH.

JA Morguí continues this research by extending it to the Land, Atmosphere and Ocean interactions (sources, transport and biogeochemical behaviour of oxidized vs. reduced gases -O, C and N- and their reactivity processes according to the acidity / basicity and to the redox potential of the environment).

Since 2003, his work focuses on the atmospheric part of the carbon cycle, in relation to climate dynamics, through studies on airborne platforms (VOLARE, ICARO, ICARO-2), high towers -Background Tall Towers- (in European projects CARBOEUROPE-IP, GEOMON, IMECC) or both (intereg: FLUXPYR), on a regional scale or on river basins.
In 2010, the CLIMADAT Project (A Network of Critical Natural Sites for Climate Change Research and its Impacts) began, where JA Morguí contributed (with X. Rodó and M.A. Rodríguez-Arias) in the development of the concept of the project. Besides, he was in charge of the design, construction and maintenance of the eight Climadat stations in Spain for the measurement of the interactions between the Climate System and the Ecosystem’s Integrated Biogeochemistry in Natural Parks.

Currently (2018-2019), the GHG’s measurements in cities are carried out with mobile instrumentation (mounted in cars) in the city of Barcelona (JSUN-CH4 project, a Joint Research with five European cities, in addition to Toronto in Canada), for the determination of leaks and emissions of methane in the natural gas distribution network, in the sewerage network and in water and solid waste treatment plants. Cartography of methane concentrations was already carried out in 2012 over the rice fields of the Ebre River Delta. Seven years later a reprise of the survey (DeltaSpider, 2019) includes a larger area to determine spatial and temporal long-term changes in both the environment and management.

With the MIP (Methane exchange between soil and air in the Iberian Peninsula, C. Grossi) and INGOS (Integrated System of non-CO2 Greenhouse Gases) projects, the studies of methane isotopes (14CH4) and other gas tracers such as Radon (222Rn) were incorporated into the LAO-lab to improve atmospheric transport models. The CLIMADAT follow-up / continuity projects are feeding COPERNICUS models with data and results to improve the energy balance of the weather forecast models by the future inclusion of GHGs concentrations.

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