Mining waste dumped into Portmán Bay continues to release metals into the sea 25 years later

The waters of the Mediterranean Sea continue to receive dissolved metals from the mining waste deposited in Portmán Bay (Murcia) 25 years after the cessation of mining activity.

A new ICTA-UAB project to assess the impacts of micro- and nano-plastics in the tropical and temperate oceans

A new project led by ICTA-UAB researcher Patrizia Ziveri is one of five projects selected for funding by the Joint Programming Initiative Healthy and Productive Seas and Oceans (JPI Oceans).

Big data reveals extraordinary unity underlying life’s diversity

Limits to growth lie at the heart of how all living things function, according to a new study carried out by ICTA-UAB researchers  .

Jeroen van den Bergh, awarded an honorary doctorate by the Open University of the Netherlands

The environmental economist at ICTA-UAB Prof. Dr Jeroen van den Bergh was awarded an honorary doctorate by the Open University of the Netherlands.

Paris Agreement hampered by inconsistent pledges, new ICTA-UAB research finds

Some countries' Paris Climate Agreement pledges may not be as ambitious as they appear, according a new study carried out by researchers from the Institute of Environmental Science and Technology of the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (ICTA-UAB).

High lead concentrations found in Amazonian wildlife

Researchers from ICTA-UAB and the UVic-UCC detect high levels of lead concentration in wildlife samples from the Peruvian Amazon caused by lead-based ammunition and oil-related pollution in extraction areas.

Study gauges trees’ potential to slow global warming in the future

The Pyrenean forests, the Cantabrian coast and Galicia show an important potential to accumulate even larger amounts of carbon dioxide in the future and thus help to slow down the increase in CO2 concentrations which are warming the planet.

Why do environmentalists eat meat?

A study by researchers at the ICTA-UAB analyses the reasons why environmentally-minded scientists find it difficult to give up meat consumption, one of the world's greatest environmental problems.

La gestión del verde urbano permite incrementar la presencia de pájaros en las ciudades

Incrementar la biodiversidad del verde urbano permitiría aumentar la presencia de aves paseriformes en las ciudades mediterráneas, según un estudio científico realizado por investigadores del Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología Ambientales de la Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona (ICTA-UAB) que analiza qué estrategias hay que implementar sobre la vegetación urbana para conseguir "naturalizar" las ciudades favoreciendo la entrada de flora y fauna.

The Ebro River annually dumps 2.2 billion microplastics into the sea

An ICTA-UAB study analyses the distribution and accumulation of microplastics from one of the main rivers of the western Mediterranean.

European project to support rooftop greenhouses projects

The Institute of Environmental Science and Technology from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (ICTA-UAB) is launching an open call to support rooftop greenhouse projects, in the framework of GROOF Project.

El ICTA-UAB participa en el proyecto que habilitará 10 escuelas de Barcelona como refugios climáticos

El Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología Ambientales de la Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona (ICTA-UAB) es una de las instituciones impulsoras de un proyecto que habilitará 10 escuelas de Barcelona como refugios climáticos para disminuir el impacto de las altas temperaturas del verano.

New study dismisses green growth policies as a route out of ecological emergency

Researchers from ICTA-UAB and the Goldsmiths University of London suggest that emissions reduction is only compatible with a lower economical degrowth or a degrowth scenario.

Indigenous knowledge, key to a successful ecosystem restoration

Ecological restoration projects actively involving indigenous peoples and local communities are more successful. This is the result of a study carried out by the Institute of Environmental Science and Technology at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (ICTA-UAB).
MdM SEMINAR SERIES - “Community Resistance and Collective Action in the Context of Illicit Economies”, by Maria Alejandra Vélez

Date: 2019-10-02

MdM Seminar Series


Title: “Community Resistance and Collective Action in the Context of Illicit Economies”

Speaker: Maria Alejandra Vélez, Universidad de los Andes

Date: Wednesday, October 2nd 2019
Time: 12.30h
Venue: Room Z/033

The capacity of local communities to organize and resist has been understudied in the specialized literature on illicit crops and ignored in policy debates. We study the onset and expansion of coca crops in the collective territories of rural afro-Colombian communities in the Pacific region of Colombia, a global biodiversity hotspot. We analyze the extent to which community organization and resistance can explain differences in the presence and expansion of illicit crops in these territories.
Following a mixed-method approach, we analyzed satellite imagery of coca crops in the Pacific region to define our sample. Then we conducted semi-structured interviews with leaders from twelve Community Councils -autonomous governance organizations for the collective territories- to understand the dynamics of illicit crops. Further, we conducted household surveys in three Community Councils with different levels of community organization and presence of coca crops.
Our results suggest that community organization -an expression of social capital- does explain differences in the expansion of illicit crops by enabling (or hindering) different forms of resistance. Results also show that resistance is more effective when the interests and strategies of leaders and communities align, particularly when leaders are able to articulate a discourse that permeates many spaces in the everyday life of the community, notably the rules to manage the commons. From this, we argue that the effectiveness and sustainability of resistance significantly depend on three interrelated factors: (a) the legitimacy and influence of leadership on the community, (b) the specific normative values with which social capital is infused, and (c) the ability to create synergies among the different levels of grass-root-community organizations.

Directora del Centro de Estudios sobre Seguridad y Drogas (CESED), profesora asociada de la Facultad de Economía de la Universidad de los Andes y miembro fundador del Centro de los Objetivo de Desarrollo Sostenible para América Latina y el Caribe (CODS). Es economista de la Universidad de los Andes y Ph.D. en Economía de los Recursos Naturales de la Universidad de Massachusetts, Amherst. Fue Profesora Asociada del área de Sostenibilidad Socio-Ambiental en la Facultad de Administración de la Universidad de los Andes (2008-2019), investigadora post-doctoral en CRED (Center for Research on Environmental Decisions) de la Universidad de Columbia, NYC (2006-2008) y profesora visitante en el Centro de Estudios Latinoamericanos y del Caribe de la Universidad de Duke, Durham, NC (2013). Su investigación se enfoca en la gobernanza y el diseño institucional para el manejo de recursos naturales en comunidades rurales. Actualmente estudia los diseños de sistemas de pagos por servicios ambientales, el impacto de la propiedad colectiva en las comunidades afrocolombianas en la Costa Pacífica y las dinámicas de expansión de los cultivos ilícitos en el Pacífico Colombiano. 

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