Indigenous knowledge, key to a successful ecosystem restoration

Ecological restoration projects actively involving indigenous peoples and local communities are more successful. This is the result of a study carried out by the Institute of Environmental Science and Technology at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (ICTA-UAB).

ICTA-UAB to organize the sixth edition of the Summer School on Degrowth and Environmental Justice

Proposing pathways outside the growth, closure and depressive narratives.

Future changes in human well-being more likely to depend on Social Factors than Economic Factors

The changes in the perception of personal well-being that could take place in the next three decades, on a global level, depend much more on social factors than on economic ones.

Record-wet and record-dry months increased in regions worldwide: climate change drives rainfall extremes

More and more rainfall extremes are observed in regions around the globe – triggering both wet and dry records, according a new study involving ICTA-UAB researcher Finn Mempel.

Success at ICTA-UAB: Six ERC Grants In Three Years

The Institute of Environmental Science and Technology of the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (ICTA-UAB) has been awarded six European Research Council (ERC) grants in three years, from the end of 2015 to the end of 2018. Each project (of between 1.5 and 2 million euros) lasts for five years and allows the recruitment of a team of six or seven doctoral students and postdocs.

ICTA-UAB researcher Gara Villalba receives an ERC Consolidator Grant

The European Research Council (ERC) announced the recipients of its Consolidator Grant competition: 291 top scientists across Europe.

The ICTA-UAB awarded an Erasmus+ for running a project on higher education and research in Biosphere Reserves

For the first time since its founding, the Institute of Environmental Science and Technology of the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (ICTA-UAB) has been awarded approximately 1 million euros by the European Commission through the Erasmus+ funding scheme.

ICTA-UAB contributes to bridging science and society in the 100xCiencia.3

ICTA-UAB took part in the 100xCiencia.3 “Bringing Science and Society”, the annual event of the SOMMa Alliance held on November 15th at the CNIO in Madrid.

Citizens prefer landscapes that combine nature with built infrastructure

A pioneering study analyses the photographs shared by citizens in social networks to evaluate the aesthetic consideration of natural landscapes.

Co-managed small-scale fisheries lead to social and ecological improvements

The co-management model of small groups of fishermen contributes to a greater abundance and habitats of species.

ICTA-UAB to design participative and concurred forest fire prevention strategies for the Montseny region

Scientists from the Institute for Environmental Science and Technology of the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (ICTA-UAB) aim to design prevention strategies for forest fires occurring in the Montseny Biosphere Reserve through a citizen participation process.

Nace El Observatorio del Besòs: un proyecto de seguimiento de la calidad de los sistemas fluviales de la cuenca

La Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB) a través del Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals (ICTA-UAB), y el Consorci Besòs Tordera evaluarán el estado de calidad a largo plazo de la cuenca del Besòs gracias a la creación de la Observatorio del Besòs.

Shift in large-scale Atlantic circulation causes lower-oxygen water to invade Canada's Gulf of St. Lawrence

The Gulf of St. Lawrence has warmed and lost oxygen faster than almost anywhere else in the global oceans.

Climate Change Modifies the Composition of Reefs

Corals devastated by climate change are being replaced naturally by other species such as gorgonians, which are less efficient in acting as a carbon sink.

Pioneering study analyses the effects of forests on human health

A group of volunteers have participated in an experimental study conducted by the ICTA-UAB to analyse the potential health benefits of forests.

Marine Litter on Mediterranean Beaches Triples in Summer

The Institute of Environmental Science and Technology of the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (ICTA-UAB) analyses and quantifies the waste generated by tourists in eight islands of the Mediterranean as part of the European BLUEISLANDS project.

Agricultural intensification not a “blueprint” for sustainable development

Social and ecological results of increased agricultural intensification are not as positive as expected.

Green urban planning must consider social equity criteria

Cities that do not include social equity criteria into their political strategies to make their urban environment greener and more ecological will not achieve long-term sustainability and risk creating green enclaves only for the social elite.

New ICTA-UAB 'Welcome Guide'

The new ICTA-UAB 'Welcome Guide' it is at your disposal now. With this document, we aim to help you discover the basics of the PhD programme, ICTA-UAB’s structure, etc.
News
Are Farmers Who Belong to Local User Associations Better Adapted to Climate Change?

Date: 2018-04-19

Droughts, floods and high temperatures derived from climate change are not the only threats that farmers with irrigated crops must face. Increased prices of fertilizers, market dynamics and reduced access to credits are other difficulties they must deal with in order to make their crops economically sustainable.

This is the result of a research project carried out by Marie Curie researcher at the ICTA-UAB Sergio Villamayor-Tomas. The project aims to understand the management that local communities make of natural resources such as irrigation, forestry or fishing, from an environmental justice perspective.

The research, carried out in Mexico together with Dr. Gustavo García López of the University of Puerto Rico, analyzed the capacity of irrigated farmers to adapt to droughts and whether their membership to irrigation associations and ejidos (communal land systems) facilitates it.

The research revealed that the adaptation of farmers to water disturbances is much better if irrigation associations work well, since they improve access to information about climate conditions, implement measures to improve water efficiency and can also channel funds to farmers. The study reveals, however, that the management of water problems are worse managed by those who cultivate on communal lands than by those who cultivate private lands, since the average size of farming plots in communal lands is smaller and has fewer resources. It also highlights that the capacity of these associations has been greatly undermined by the economic liberalization policies and land reforms applied in recent decades.

More recently, Villamayor-Tomas along with García-López finalized an article that explores how the participation of local communities of natural resources management in protest actions and environmental justice movements affects the way in which these communities manage resources. To do that, they synthesized the findings of 81 case studies around the world.

Their evidence shows that one of the most important effects of community movements is the defense of their rights to use and manage their resources against different threats. These threats include not only the intrusion of large resource-use actors (large logging and fishing companies, etc.) and large-scale extractive projects (water transfers or mining projects) in their communities, but also Government privatization and conservation policies that restrict community access to resources and the way they administer them.

Interestingly, the mobilization of local communities against these threats can not only guarantee their use and management rights, but also involve longer-term benefits for community resource management. These benefits include the democratization of communities' collective decision-making processes, the revitalization of identity bonds and local ecological knowledge, the implementation of community development projects, and the creation of nested organizations (of second order) for the management of resources. Exploring those possible longer-term effects would be the next step to further connect environmental justice with aids for the community-based management of natural resources.

On 20, 21 and 22 of June Villamayor-Tomas, García-Lopez and Giacomo D'Alisa (University of Coimbra) will be at the ICTA-UAB to receive some 30 international researchers participating in the "Workshop on Social Movements and Commons: A Virtuous Circle?" Https://www.iasc-commons.org/event/ws- social-mobilization-commons/). During the workshop, they will reflect on the interactions between environmental justice movements and community management of natural resources, green infrastructures and other urban spaces, and public services.

Irrigation farmers and associations against droughts and global market disturbances: a large n-study from BAT :: video communication on Vimeo.

 


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